In spite of the fact that normally the textile industry is considered a traditional sector, today it has become one of the main test-beds regarding new business strategies. Currently there is a new phase for the textile field in which new materials allow to make dynamic and interactive products, able to offer protection, comfort and performance. The textile materials are therefore becoming the basis for a completely new range of new applications. Fabrics have to be regarded not just as a surface, to be interpreted graphically, but as a material with its own intrinsic structure and performance. In the sector of technical and innovative textiles there is a large number of niches and products, often highly technological and where the end user requires specific requirements, and for which the cost is no longer the only parameter taken into consideration. Regarding innovative textiles the market is growing rapidly and many developments of new products and applications are underway. These are products with a high added value, based on research and development, and oriented toward satisfaction of specific requirements. The general trend is therefore towards high tech, high performance fabrics designed not just to look attractive, but to offer a significant added value in terms of functionality. In the field of specialized applications, the technological assets that the market today regards as essential, and which drive consumers to purchase products, are those that provide the highest performance and comfort standards, and ensure a better quality of life. One of the foremost elements is protection: fabrics need to safeguard us; they should feel pleasant, keep us comfortable whatever the weather, and protect our health from the hazards of the environment. Already there are fabrics capable of reducing risks (e.g. antibacterial, mite-proof, insect-proof, odorless, flame retardant, soilresistant, anti-UV and anti-electromagnetic radiation, etc.). Other fabrics function actively (e.g. heat-regulating, with new visual features, or providing cosmetic-medical effects, and so forth). Recent progress in materials science, information technology and biology have given the textile industry a new role as a possible testing bench far sounding out new technologies based on the integration of these many disciplines. The latest developments in textiles are in the area of ‘communicating’ clothing, i.e. garments equipped with electronic microsystems providing global integration and featuring mobile telephony, information technology, distance health care and so on.
Aldo Tempesti got his Diploma Degree in Industrial Chemistry at the University of Milan. He worked for the development of modacrylic fibre as well as of the promotion of acrylic fibre for Snia Fibre and Montefibre Spa. He’s involved in different working groups operating at European level (i.e. CEN, ISO), as well as national level (i.e. Confindustria, UNI). From 1990-2002 he was the Secretary General of AITA (the Italian flame retardant textiles association) and President of the CEN/TC248/SC1 (European technical committee for standardisation of flame retardant textiles). Since 1998 he’s the Director of TEXCLUBTEC (the technical and innovative textile association). He also participates in the “Barriers to trade”, “R&D” Working Group and he is one of experts of the European Technology Platform for the future of Textile and Clothing of Euratex (European Textile and clothing Association). He taught textile industrial technologies at University of Bergamo (Italy) from 2003 to 2006. He is involved in many European research projects relating advanced materials for textile applications as smart textiles, nanomaterials, phase change products, flame retardant textiles, composites, etc. He has published different works regarding technical textiles and presented speeches on the same subject during international conferences as in Moscow (2006), Raleigh (2006), Mumbai (2007), Hong Kong (2007), Edinburgh (2009), Budapest (2009), Chemnitz (2010), Istanbul (2011), Frankfurt (2012), Tunis (2014), Shanghai (2014).