Cyber-Physical Control of Road Goods Transportation: Architectures for Cooperation and Optimization

Karl H. Johansson
Karl H. Johansson
Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
13:00~13:45, November 20th, 2014

Abstract :

Goods transportation is of outmost importance for economic growth and social development. About 45% of all freight transport is on roads and in Europe alone there are more than 2 million heavy-duty vehicles carrying out long-haulage services. Industry and society are facing great challenges as the demand for transport and fuel prices are steadily increasing, whereas the environmental impact needs to be significantly reduced. Road transport contributes about 20% of European Union’s total CO2 emissions.  Despite the influence the transportation system has on energy consumption and the environment, road transportation is mainly done by individual long-haulage trucks with no real-time coordination. In this lecture, we will discuss how modern information and communication technology supports a future integrated goods transportation system where fleet of trucks are coordinated to travel together in vehicle platoons. From the reduced air drag, platooning trucks traveling close together can save about 10% of their fuel consumption. A system architecture utilizing vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication enabling receding-horizon optimal control of individual trucks as well as optimized platoons and fleets of platoons will be presented.
Experiments done on test trucks will illustrate how to optimize system performance while guaranteeing safety requirements. Results from a large-scale evaluation currently being performed on the highway road network in Northern Europe will also be discussed. The presentation will be based on joint work with collaborators at KTH and at the truck manufacturer Scania.


Professional Experience

  • 2013–       : Director, The Stockholm Strategic Research Area ICT TNG
  • 2009–       : Director, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre, Royal Institute of Technology
  • 2007–       : Chaired Professor, Networked Control, Royal Institute of Technology
  • 2006–2007 : Visiting Professor, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena
  • 2006–2011 : Senior Researcher (rådsforskare), Swedish Research Council
  • 1999–2007 : Assistant and Associate Professor, Royal Institute of Technology
  • 1998–2000 : Visiting Research Fellow, University of California, Berkeley


Awards and Honors

  • 2013 : Fellow of the IEEE
  • 2009 : Wallenberg Scholar (five-year position), Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation (10 scholars awarded in al scientific research domains with the purpose of supporting some of the most successful researchers at Swedish universities)
  • 2009 : Best Paper Award, IEEE International conference on Mobile Ad-hoc and Sensor Systems, Macau, China
  • 2005 : Swedish Research Council Senior Researcher Position (six-year position)
  • 2004 : Future Research Leader, Swedish Foundation for Strategy Research
  • 1998 & 1999 : Postdoc Research Award, Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education
  • 1998 & 1999 : Young Researcher Award, Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson’s Foundation for Electrotechnical Research