Metal-organic framework (MOF) materials present large surface areas (as great as 7 square kilometers per kilogram) and crystallographically well-defined porosity on the molecularscale. These properties make MOFs attractive candidates for storage and release of ambient-temperature natural gas and for cryogenic hydrogen, specifically in the context of vehicle applications. By functioning as ultra-high-capacity sorbents for molecular fuels they can substantially decrease the volume and/or pressure requirements for providing usefully large quantities of fuel. In this lecture I’ll report on progress at Northwestern in computationally screening and discovering good candidate MOFs for fuel storage as well as experimentally creating desired new MOFs. I will also report on new developments wherein MOFs are able to function as antenna-type light-harvesters for conversion of sunlight to electrical energy. Finally, I’ll report on the utilization of MOFs as hosts for synthesis of 3-D arrays of catalytic clusters for water splitting and other desirable chemical/electrochemical reactions. A key to realizing these applications has been to find ways to make MOFs that can withstand extremes of pH (ca. -1 to +12) and temperature (ca. 450oC).
Design, synthesis, characterization, and utilization of molecules and materials relevant to energy, environmental, and defense problems, including energy storage and release, carbon capture, light-to-electrical energy conversion, light-to-chemical energy conversion, chemical separations, and chemical catalysis.
Further information can be found at: http://chemgroups.northwestern.edu/hupp/
Awards and Honors:
- C. N. Reilley Award, Society for Electroanalytical Chemistry.
- International Award, Japan Society for Coordination Chemistry.
- ACS Analytical Division Award in Electrochemistry.
- IAPS Award of the Inter-American Photochemical Society.
- David C. Grahame Award, Electrochemical Society.
- Carl Wagner Memorial Award, Electrochemical Society.
- “Outstanding Research Achievement Award” for the DTRA Chem-Bio Defense Conference.
- National Fresenius Award of Phi Lambda Upsilon.