Speakers

Survive or Thrive: Tradeoff Strategy of Cellular Senescence

ParkSangChul1
Sang Chul Park
DGIST
17:10~17:50

Abstract :

The aging dependent cellular behaviors toward extrinsic stress are characterized by the confined localization of the certain molecules either to nuclear or perinuclear regions. Most of the growth factors can activate the downstream signals of the aging cells but in vain, since those signals cannot reach the genetic targets in the nuclei. At the same time, varying apoptotic stress factors cannot stimulate the apoptotic pathway of the senescent cells, since those subsequent downstream signals cannot get into nuclei as well. Thereby, operation of the functional nuclear barrier in an aging dependent manner has been issued. In search of the ultimate mechanism for these aging dependent changes of the functional nuclear barrier, the transcription factor Sp1 is identified as a general regulator for nucleocytoplasmic trafficking (NCT) genes, including various nucleoporins, importins, exportins and Ran GTPase cycle-related genes, through serial experiments with knockdown and overexpression of the related genes. Sp1 is essentially one of the housekeeping genes, but its protein status is readily influenced by the extrinsic stress, either oxidative or metabolic stress. Its decreased O-GlcNAcylation both in senescent cells and in H2O2 treated cells sensitizes its proteosomal degradation, resulting in the defective NCT functions, leading to nuclear barrier formation. This novel mechanism of aging dependent operation of the functional nuclear barrier is proposed as the ultimate checking mechanism for cellular protection against toxic environment and the general mechanism for tradeoff growth to survival in aging.

 

Education

1967–1969,  Premed Course, College of Liberal Arts & Science, Seoul National University

1969–1973,  Medical School, Seoul National Universily(M.D degree)

1973–1980,  Graduate School, Seoul National University(Ph.D. degrees)

 

Honors and Awards

1990 The Best Scientist of the Year, National Press Club, KOREA

1991 The Eminent Scientific Achievement Award, Ministry of Science and Technology, KOREA

1992 KumHo Award for Academic Achievement, KumHo Cultural Foundation, KOREA.

2001 Fellow, the Korean Academy of Science and Technology.

2002   National Medal of Honor, Moran Jang. President of Korea

2002   Yuhan Grand Prize for Medical Research, Seoul Metropolitan Medical Association

2004   Medical Critic Specialist Award, Medical Critics Association

2005   Dong-Heon Grand Prize for Biochemistry, Korean Society of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology

2008   30 Year Service Award, Seoul National University

2008   Best Alumni Award, KwangJu Cheil High School

2011   Grand Prize for Achievement, Korean Society of Biomedical Gerontology

2015   Honorary Member, Japan Society of Biomedical Gerontology